Culture of China

The Culture of China is home to one of the world's oldest and most complex civilizations. China boasts a history rich in over 5,000 years of artistic, philosophical, political, and scientific advancement. Though regional differences provide a sense of diversity, commonalities in language and religion connect a culture distinguished by such significant contributions such as Confucianism and Taoism. Confucianism was the official philosophy throughout most of Imperial China's history and strongly influenced other countries in East Asia. Mastery of Confucian texts provided the primary criterion for entry into the imperial bureaucracy.

With the rise of Western economic and military power beginning in the mid-19th century, Western systems of social and political organization gained adherents in China. Some of these would-be reformers rejected China's cultural legacy, while others sought to combine the strengths of Chinese and Western cultures.

China is a unified nation consisting of many different ethnic groups. Fifty-six different ethnic groups make up the great Chinese national family. Because the Han people accounts for more than ninety percent of China's population, the remaining fifty-five groups are generally referred to as "ethnic minorities." Next to the majority Han, the Mongolian, Hui, Tibetan, and Uygur peoples comprise the largest ethnic groups. Although China's ethnic minorities do not account for a large portion of the population, they are distributed over a vast area, residing in every corner of China.

Particularly since the implementation of China's opening and reform policy, the central government has increased investment in minority areas and accelerated their opening to the outside world. This has resulted in an upsurge of economic development in these areas. Each of China's ethnic minority groups possesses a distinctive culture. The Chinese government respects minority customs, and works to preserve, study, and collate the cultural artifacts of China's ethnic minority groups. The government vigorously supports the development of minority culture and the training of minority cultural workers, and fosters the development of traditional minority medicine.

The relation among China's ethnic groups can be described as "overall integration, local concentration, mutual interaction." Concentrations of ethnic minorities reside within predominantly Han areas, and the Han people also reside in minority areas, indicating that there has been extensive exchanges among China's ethnic groups since ancient times. With the development of the market economy, interaction among ethnic groups has become even more active in the areas of government, economics, culture, daily life, and marriage. Linked by interdependence, mutual assistance, and joint development, their common goals and interests creating a deep sense of solidarity, China's ethnic groups resemble a great national family, together building Chinese civilization.

5篇關于傳統文化的英語作文

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The Dragon Boat Festival is one of the most popular traditional festivals celebrated in China, which is on the fifth of the fifth lunar month, also known as Duanwu Festival.It’s said that it is to commemorate the death of a Chinese patriotic poet, Qu Yuan, who was snared by corrupt officials in ancient China and finally committed suicide by drowning himself in the Miluo River to protest against them.端午節是中國傳統節日中最流行的節日之一,它是在陰歷五月的第五天。據說這是為了紀念一個中國的愛國詩人屈原的死,他被中國古代腐敗官員陷害最后在汨羅河投江自殺來表示抗議。

The traditions and customs held on this festival differ from place to place, but there are some common in them.First, the most famous and great tradition is holding Dragon Boat races, which are held by fishermen’s attempt to protect Qu Yuan’s body against attacking by fishes and other animals in the river by beating drums and row the dragon shaped boat.Nowadays dragon boat races have been an annual popular sport activity among people.In addition, making and eating Zongzi—a dumpling made of glutinous rice and wrapped in bamboo or reed leaves—is also a popular custom during this day.It can be made by many kinds of stuffing.What’s more, hanging herbs on the front door, drinking realgar wine and pasting up picture of Zhongkui—a mythic guardian figure in ancient china—are also popular during the festival, which are mean to protect people from evil and disease.這個傳統習俗不同的地方有不同的慶祝方式,但也有相同的方面。首先,最出名的傳統就是舉行龍舟比賽,這是由漁民們舉行的,通過打鼓和劃龍形的船來保護屈原的身體免受魚類和其他動物的攻擊。現在龍舟賽是人們一年一度的流行的體育活動。此外,做和吃粽子——糯米面團,包著竹葉或蘆葦葉,在那一天也是 一個流行的風俗。它可以由不同種類的餡料制成。還有就是,門上掛著草藥,人們喝雄黃酒,在門前張貼中國古代神話人物鐘馗的圖片在節日期間也是很受歡迎的,做這些的意義是保護人們免受邪惡和疾病。

These customs and traditions have been changed a little in recent years, but they still make contribution to the spread and inheritance of Chinese culture.這些習俗和傳統,在最近幾年已經發生了一些變化,但他們仍然為中國文化傳承與傳播做貢獻。

中國傳統文化 英語作文

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關于長城的傳說

In the north of China, there lies a 6,700-kilometer-long (4,161-mile-long) ancient wall. Now well-known as the Great Wall of China, it starts at the Jiayuguan Pass of Gansu Province in the west and ends at the Shanhaiguan Pass of Hebei Province in the east. As one of the Eight Wonders in the world, the Great Wall of China has become the symbol of the Chinese nation and its culture.

Lots of beautiful legends and stories about the Great Wall took place following along the construction, and since that time these stories have spread around the country. Those that happened during construction are abundant, such as Meng Jiangnu's story and the legend of the Jiayuguan Pass. Meng Jiangnu's story is the most famous and widely spread of all the legends about the Great Wall. The story happened during the Qin Dynasty (221BC-206BC). It tells of how Meng Jiangnu's bitter weeping made a section of the Great Wall collapse. Meng Jiangnu's husband Fan Qiliang was caught by federal officials and sent to build the Great Wall. Meng Jiangnu heard nothing from him after his departure, so she set out to look for him. Unfortunately, by the time she reached the great wall, she discovered that her husband had already died. Hearing the bad news, she cried her heart out. Her howl caused the collapse of a part of the Great Wall. This story indicates that the Great Wall is the production of tens of thousands of Chinese commoners.

Another legend about the Jiayuguan Pass tells of a workman named Yi Kaizhan in the Ming Dynasty (1368BC-1644BC) who was proficient in arithmetic. He calculated that it would need 99,999 bricks to build the Jiayuguan Pass. The supervisor did not believe him and said if they miscalculated by even one brick, then all the workmen would be punished to do hard work for three years. After the completion of the project, one brick was left behind the Xiwong city gate. The supervisor was happy at the sight of the brick and ready to punish them. However Yi Kaizhan said with deliberation that the brick was put there by a supernatural being to fix the wall. A tiny move would cause the collapse of the wall. Therefore the brick was kept there and never moved. It can still be found there today on the tower of the Jiayuguan Pass.

In addition to the above-mentioned stories about the construction of the Great Wall, there are also plenty of stories about current scenic spots. A famous one is the legend of the Beacon Tower. This story happened during the Western Zhou Dynasty (11th century BC-711 BC). King You had a queen named Bao Si, who was very pretty. King You liked her very much, however Bao Si never smiled. An official gave a suggestion that setting the beacon tower on fire would frighten the King's subjects, and might make the queen smile. King You liked the idea. The subjects were fooled and Bao Si smiled at the sight of the chaos. Later enemies invaded Western Zhou, King You set the beacon tower on fire to ask for help. No subjects came to help because they had been fooled once before. Thus, King Zhou was killed by the enemy and Western Zhou came to an end.

Beautiful stories and legends about the Great Wall help to keep alive Chinese history and culture. In each dynasty after the building of the Great Wall, many more stories were created and spread.

歷史

No one can tell precisely when the building of the Great Wall was started but it is popularly believed that it originated as a military fortification against intrusion by tribes on the borders during the earlier Zhou Dynasty. Late in the Spring and Autumn Period (770 BC - 476 BC), the ducal states extended the defence work and built "great" structures to prevent the attacks from other states. It was not until the Qin Dynasty that the separate walls, constructed by the states of Qin, Yan and Zhao kingdoms, were connected to form a defensive system on the northern border of the country by Emperor Qin Shi Huang (also called Qin Shi Huangdi by westerners or the First Emperor). After the emperor unified the country in 214 BC, he ordered the construction of the wall. It took about ten years to finish and the wall stretched from Linzhao (in the eastern part of today's Gansu Province) in the west to Liaodong (in today's Jilin Province) in the east. The wall not only served as a defence in the north but also symbolized the power of the emperor.

From the Qin Dynasty onwards, Xiongnu, an ancient tribe that lived in North China, frequently harassed the northern border of the country. During the Han Dynasty, Emperor Wu (Han Wu Di), sent three expeditions to fight against the Xiongnu in 127 BC, 121 BC and 119 BC. The Xiongnu were driven into the far north of the Gobi. To maintain the safety of the Hexi Corridor (today's Gansu Province), the emperor ordered the extension of the Great Wall westward into the Hexi Corridor and Xinjiang region. The ruins of the beacon towers and debris of the Han Wall are still discernible in Dunhuang, Yumen and Yangguan. A recent report shows that ruins of the Han Wall have been discovered near Lopnur in China's Xinjiang region.

Further construction and extensions were made in the successive Northern Wei, Northern Qi and Sui dynasties.

The present Great Wall in Beijing is mainly remains from the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644). During this period, bricks and granite were used when the workers laid the foundation of the wall and sophisticated designs and passes were built in the places of strategic importance. To strengthen the military control of the northern frontiers, the Ming authorities divided the Great Wall into nine zones and placed each under the control of a Zhen (garrison headquarters). The Ming Wall starts from Yalujiang River (in today's Heilongjiang Province), via today's Liaoning, Hebei, Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Ningxia provinces, to Guansu. The total length reaches 12,700 li (over 5,000 kilometers). The Shanhaiguan Pass and the Jiayuguan Pass are two well-preserved passes at either end.

Today, the Wall has become a must-see for every visitor to China. Few can help saying 'Wow!' when they stand on top of a beacon tower and look at this giant dragon. For centuries, the wall served succeeding dynasties as an efficient military defence. However, it was only when a dynasty had weakened from within that invaders from the north were able to advance and conquer. Both the Mongols (Yuan Dynasty, 1271-1368) and the Manchurians (Qing Dynasty, 1644-1911) were able take power because of weakness of the government and poverty of the people but never due to any possibility of weakness of the Wall.

或者

The Great Wall was first built in the Spring and Autumn Period and it have a history over 2.000 years. The Great Wall, that is called “the ten-thousand-li Great Wall”, is actually more than 6000 kilometers long, 6-7 meters high and 4-5 meters wide. Every a few hundred meters along the Great Wall there are watchtowers. We Chinese are proud of in the Great wall because it is one of the wonders in the world and it stands for China.. Today the Great Wall becomes a famous place of interest in the world. Every year, hundreds of thousands of people, not only from China from also all over the world, come to visit it.

英語作文:中國傳統文化的主要內容是什么?應該如何學習中國傳統文化

Carry forward the Chinese traditional culture

This week, I collected information on traditional Chinese festivals, of which my favorite is the Spring Festival. *** New Year, it is the most ceremonious traditional festival of folk. The first month in lunar calendar in retaliation, called the lunar calendar year, commonly known as "New Year", "New Year." New Year's streets are full of red lanterns, colored flags fluttering. Mall was packed with people buying New Year shopping, very lively. There are plenty of night, "Bang, bang, bang" sound of firecrackers. Each child wore a beautiful new dress. New Year, also eat rice cakes, dumplings, stickers window grilles, the character, couplets. *** Festival, the annual Lunar New Year on September 9, is an ancient Chinese traditional festival. Double Ninth Festival, also called "festival," said Chung Yeung Festival this day, people reward chrysanthemum, wear cornel, Xiejiu mountain climbing, eating Double Ninth cakes, drink chrysanthemum wine. Swim joy. *** Lantern Festival, Chinese New year's first month on the 15th, also known as the "Lantern Festival." After the Spring Festival, welcomed China's traditional festival is the Lantern Festival, on the custom of the Lantern Festival are not the same throughout the country, which eat the Lantern Festival, Flower lamp, riddles and games, dragon dance, lion dance and so on are several important Lantern Festival folk customs. *** Mid-Autumn Festival, the Lunar August 15, also known as "Autumn Festival", "Reunion", "month evening." Mid-Autumn day, the people the full moon, playing lanterns, fire dragon dance, eat moon cake. There are many legends on the moon and in the Mid-Autumn Moon, Rabbit pound medicine, Wu Gang felling and Guangxi. *** China's traditional festival is really colorful, it is the Chinese culture. Traditional festivals include: Dragon Boat Festival, Ching Ming Festival, Tanabata Festival. These festivals also brings us joy and happiness, so we have to remember that these festivals, and always inherited down. China's traditional culture is a glorious ancient culture, as our generation's effort to vigorously carry forward the traditional culture of China

體現中國傳統文化的英語作文(五分鐘,有中文翻譯)

,世代相傳。“博大”是說中國傳統文化的廣度---豐富多彩,“精深”是說中國傳統文化的深度---高深莫測。有五千年的歷史。

3,歷史悠久,民族特色。中國的傳統文化是中國特有的,與世界上其他民族文化不同,總的來說變化不大。

2。中國的傳統文化在某些短暫的歷史時期內有所中斷,在不同的歷史時期或多或少的有所改變,但是大體上沒有中斷過。

4,博大精深

s one culture without interruption. Generally speaking, it has not changed much.National Characteristic.More or less,it has changed in different historical periods.China'.Extensive and Profound.“Extensive” refers to Chinese traditional cultur's traditional culture )

1.From Generation to Generation. China'試譯如下;“Profound”means Chinese traditional cultur's depth—unfathomable,but on the whole it'.

參考資料.

2;s breadth—rich and colorful;s traditional culture is unique to China,which is different from other nations'.

3.A Long History.It has 5000 years of history.

4,僅供參考:

Chinese traditional culture(or China's traditional culture has been interrupted in some short historical periods

and continue from generation to generation. "And", said the Chinese traditional culture is the breadth - rich and colorful.

2 and national characteristics. Chinese traditional culture is unique to China, and other ethnic cultures in the world.

3, has a long history. Five thousand years of history.

4 and profound. China's traditional culture in some brief period in history has interrupt, in different historical periods of more or less change, but generally without interruption, overall, "intensive&quot

1. Passing on from generation to generation. Chinese traditional culture may be interruppted in certain transient period,more or less changed during different historical periods, but on the whole, China maintained its cultural tradition without letup or obvious change.

2.National indentity. Chinese traditional culture is unique, different from other cultures in the world.

3.A long history. With five thousand years of history

4.Extensive and profound. Extensive is the breadth of Chinese culture---rich and varied, profound is the depth of Chinese culture---unfathomable

統文化的廣度

英語作文150字:你怎樣看待中國傳統文化。不要寫得太好的,中等水平就好,打出來,我復制黏貼,謝謝

The Culture of China is home to one of the world's oldest and most complex civilizations. China boasts a history rich in over 5,000 years of artistic, philosophical, political, and scientific advancement. Though regional differences provide a sense of diversity, commonalities in language and religion connect a culture distinguished by such significant contributions such as Confucianism and Taoism. Confucianism was the official philosophy throughout most of Imperial China's history and strongly influenced other countries in East Asia. Mastery of Confucian texts provided the primary criterion for entry into the imperial bureaucracy.

中國文化是世界上最古老、最復雜的文明之一。中國有著5000多年的藝術、哲學、政治和科學發展的豐富歷史。盡管地域差異提供了一種多樣性的感覺,但語言和宗教的共同性將一種以儒家和道教等重要貢獻為特征的文化聯系在一起。儒學是中國帝國歷史上大部分時期的官方哲學,并對東亞其他國家產生了強烈的影響。對儒家文本的掌握是進入帝王官僚機構的首要標準。更多

With the rise of Western economic and military power beginning in the mid-19th century, Western systems of social and political organization gained adherents in China. Some of these would-be reformers rejected China's cultural legacy, while others sought to combine the strengths of Chinese and Western cultures. 19世紀中葉,隨著西方經濟和軍事力量的崛起,西方社會政治組織體系在中國得到了越來越多的擁護者。這些可能的改革者中,有些人拒絕接受中國的文化遺產,而另一些人則試圖將中西文化的力量結合起來。

China is a unified nation consisting of many different ethnic groups. Fifty-six different ethnic groups make up the great Chinese national family. Because the Han people accounts for more than ninety percent of China's population, the remaining fifty-five groups are generally referred to as "ethnic minorities." Next to the majority Han, the Mongolian, Hui, Tibetan, and Uygur peoples comprise the largest ethnic groups. Although China's ethnic minorities do not account for a large portion of the population, they are distributed over a vast area, residing in every corner of China. 中國是一個統一的民族,由許多不同的民族組成。56個不同的民族組成了偉大的中國民族大家庭.由于漢族占中國人口的百分之九十以上,剩下的五十五個群體一般被稱為“少數民族”。除漢族外,蒙古族、回族、藏族和維吾爾族是最大的民族。中國的少數民族雖然不占人口的很大一部分,但他們分布在廣大的地區,居住在中國的每一個角落。

Particularly since the implementation of China's opening and reform policy, the central government has increased investment in minority areas and accelerated their opening to the outside world. This has resulted in an upsurge of economic development in these areas. Each of China's ethnic minority groups possesses a distinctive culture. The Chinese government respects minority customs, and works to preserve, study, and collate the cultural artifacts of China's ethnic minority groups. The government vigorously supports the development of minority culture and the training of minority cultural workers, and fosters the development of traditional minority medicine. 特別是改革開放以來,中央政府加大了對少數民族地區的投資力度,加快了民族地區對外開放的步伐。這導致了這些地區經濟發展的高潮。中國各少數民族都有自己獨特的文化。中國政府尊重少數民族的風俗習慣,致力于保存、研究和整理中國少數民族的文物。政府大力支持少數民族文化的發展和少數民族文化工作者的培養,促進少數民族傳統醫學的發展。

The relation among China's ethnic groups can be described as "overall integration, local concentration, mutual interaction." Concentrations of ethnic minorities reside within predominantly Han areas, and the Han people also reside in minority areas, indicating that there has been extensive exchanges among China's ethnic groups since ancient times. With the development of the market economy, interaction among ethnic groups has become even more active in the areas of government, economics, culture, daily life, and marriage. Linked by interdependence, mutual assistance, and joint development, their common goals and interests creating a deep sense of solidarity, China's ethnic groups resemble a great national family, together building Chinese civilization.

中國各民族之間的關系可以說是“整體融合、局部集中、相互作用”。少數民族聚居在以漢族為主的地區,漢族也居住在少數民族地區,這表明中國各民族自古以來就有著廣泛的交流。隨著市場經濟的發展,各民族之間在政府、經濟、文化、日常生活、婚姻等方面的互動更加活躍。中國各民族相互依存、相互幫助、共同發展,共同的目標和利益造就了深厚的團結意識,中國各民族就像一個偉大的民族大家庭,共同建設中華文明。